Current affairs 12th July 2022
12th July Current Affairs
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Read the Daily current affairs July 12, 2022, provided here topic-wise covering all the important news updates. Here we have analyzed and classified the topics in Daily current affairs.
Today’s National Current Affairs
1. IS4OM to be launched by Union Minister Jitendra Singh
· India has increased its ability to safeguard its space assets on its own with the help of the ISRO System for Safe and Sustainable Space Operation and Management (IS4OM).
· The IS4OM will be launched in the presence of Mr. Jitendra Singh, Minister of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences along with Mr. S Somnath, the Secretary of the Department of Space and Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization.
2. The National Internet Exchange of India launches Internet Exchange in Durgapur and Bardhaman
· Two Internet Exchange Points at Durgapur and Bardhaman have been inaugurated by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India.
· Member of Parliament for Bardhaman-Durgapur Lok Sabha S. S. Ahluwalia was also present during the inauguration of the points.
· The launch of the points has been made keeping in mind Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Digital India vision.
· The launch is under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) 1000-day plan.
3. ‘Statue of Peace’ of Swamy Ramanujacharya virtually unveiled by Amit Shah
· Home Minister Amit Shah unveiled the ‘Statue of Peace’ of Swamy Ramanujacharya virtually.
· The statue is in the Sonwar Region, Srinagar.
4. PM Narendra Modi launched the Akhil Bhartiya Shiksha Samagam to execute the NEP 2020
· The Akhil Bhartiya Shiksha Samagam was launched by PM Narendra Modi on the National Education Policy in Varanasi.
· PM Modi addressed the audience saying, ‘our education system and young generation carry a large role in realizing the vows of the “Amrit Kaal”’.
· The Akshay Patra Midday Meal Kitchen was also launched by PM Modi earlier that day at LT College.
5. The National Emblem is unveiled on the roof of the Parliament by PM Modi
· On 11th July 2022, the National Emblem cast was unveiled by PM Modi on the roof of the new Parliament building.
· The Emblem is made of bronze and weighs 9500 kilograms.
· It is 6.5m in height.
6. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) will conserve the Ancient Buddhist site on the bank of Bhima River near Kanaganahalli (forming part of the Sannati site) in Kalaburagi district, Karnataka.
- The conservation project will reset the remains of Maha Stupa retrieved in the excavation to their original positions without much ornamentation and reconstruction of fallen portions of the Ayaka platforms using newly fabricated bricks of the same size, shape, and texture.
Findings of the Excavation:
- The Edicts of Ashoka are a collection of more than thirty inscriptions on the pillars, as well as boulders and cave walls, attributed to Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire who reigned from 268 BCE to 232 BCE.
- A Maha Stupa was discovered which was referred to as Adholoka Maha Chaitya (the Great Stupa of the netherworlds) in the inscriptions and, more significantly, the stone portrait of Emperor Ashoka, surrounded by his queens and female attendants.
- The Maha Stupa is believed to have been developed in three constructional phases – Maurya, Early Satavahana and Later Satavahana periods stretching from 3rd Century B.C. to 3rd Century A.D.
- The Stupa is believed to have been destroyed in an earthquake.
- The stupa is one of the largest of its time, the stone portrait is the only surviving image of the Mauryan Emperor which had the inscription ‘Raya Asoko’ in Brahmi on it.
International Current Affairs
1. PM Ranil Wickremesinghe of Sri Lanka announces his resignation
· An all-party government takeover is to take place after Ranil Wickremesinghe announced his resignation as the PM of Sri Lanka.
· The resignation will take place after an all-party government is established and the majority is secured in Parliament.
2. United Kingdom President Boris Johnson announces his resignation
· Boris Johnson announces his resignation as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and as the leader of the Conservative Party.
· The Conservative Party conference is scheduled in October and Johnson will be in power at 10 Downing Street till then.
3. Indonesia has announced “Digital Nomad Visas” for travelers, to attract more foreign tourists.
- Digital Nomads are people who work remotely while traveling to different places and spending their earned income in the country they are traveling to.
- Unlike regular remote workers, who tend to stay in one geographic area, digital nomads travel and explore while working.
- The Digital Nomad Visa would allow remote workers to stay in Indonesia, including Bali, tax-free.
- Indonesia aims to bring in over 3.6 million overseas travelers into the country over the next year to explore spiritual retreats as well as the eco-tourism of Indonesia.
- Italy (can stay in the country for up to 90 days without a visa), Antigua and Barbuda (for digital nomad visa for two years), Barbados (a year-long remote working visa)
Finance and Economy Current Affairs
1. Corporate Agency agreement signed by City Union Bank and Shriram General Insurance
· The City Union Bank and Shriram General Insurance have signed a corporate agency agreement.
· Through the 727 branches of the City Union Bank across India, the Bank will distribute the agency’s insurance policy.
· According to the agreement, the insurance company will provide a set of personal lines of insurance products along with commercial lines of insurance products.
2. Metaverse virtual lounge and Open Banking Sandbox launched by the Union Bank
· In association with Tech Mahindra, the Union Bank of India has introduced a Metaverse Virtual Lounge and Open Banking Sandbox environment.
· The new introduction is being made to improve the banking experience of the consumers.
· Initially, the Metaverse will host movies and information on the bank’s various programs.
3. The fourth phase of Sea Trials for Indigenous Aircraft Carrier- Vikrant has been successfully completed during which integrated trials of the majority of equipment and systems onboard were undertaken.
- Defense Ministry said the ship’s delivery is being targeted by the end of this month, followed by the commissioning of the ship in August this year to commemorate Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.
- The indigenous design and construction of Aircraft Carrier by the Indian Navy and Cochin Shipyard Limited is a shining example in the Nation’s quest for Aatma Nirbhar Bharat and make in India Initiative with more than 76 percent indigenous content.
- Maiden Sea Trials of IAC were successfully completed in Aug 2021.
- This was followed by the second and third phases of Sea Trials in Oct 2021 and Jan 2022 respectively.
· The Union Health Ministry has released the new draft ‘Drug, Medical Devices, and Cosmetics Bill-2022’ that separately defines medical devices.
- The government has sought comments, objections, and suggestions on the draft Bill over the next 45 days.
- Separate expert group: It has provision for the constitution of a separate expert group on medical devices.
- Central and state testing laboratories: It calls for the setting up of central and state medical device-testing laboratories on the lines of the network of drug-testing laboratories.
- Rules for online pharmacy: The draft Bill also suggests that the Central government formulate rules for regulating online pharmacies.
- Separate definitions for medical devices: The draft Bill has a separate definition for medical devices that bring under its ambit diagnostic equipment, its software, implants, devices for assistance with disabilities, life support, instruments used for disinfection, and any reagents or kits.
- The previous 1940 Act regulated medical devices as one of the four categories of “drugs”.
- ‘Medical devices technical advisory board’: It makes provision for the creation of a ‘medical devices technical advisory board’ on the lines of the existing drugs technical advisory board.
- This board will include medical professionals and also people with technical knowledge of the devices.
A recent UN SDG index says, all 17 SDGs, are in jeopardy due to the climate crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic, and an increase in the number of conflicts across the world.
- The 2022 SDG Index is topped by three Nordic countries – Finland, Denmark, and Sweden – and all top 10 countries are European countries.
- India ranked at 121.
· No improvement in performance: Performance on SDG 1 (No Poverty) and SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) remain below pre-pandemic levels in many low-income countries (LICs) and lower-middle-income countries (LMICs).
· Slow progress on climate and biodiversity: Progress on climate and biodiversity goals is also too slow, especially in rich countries.
· Greenhouse gas emissions are set to rise 14 percent over a decade.
· A 2025 peak followed by a 43 percent decline by 2030 and Net 2050.
· The pandemic itself has emerged as one of the biggest threats to several SDGs, pointing at 15 million “excess deaths” directly or indirectly due to the novel coronavirus by 2021.
· Economic shocks due to the worldwide health emergency pushed 93 million into poverty in 2020 alone, undoing “more than four years” work at alleviating poverty.
· It also affected the education and healthcare services for millions.
· Immunization, for example, has dropped for the first time in a decade even as deaths from malaria and TB have risen.
· The pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war have already led to a lowering of global economic growth projections by 0.9 percentage points, the statement highlighted, flagging the conflict for harming in more ways than one:
· Raising food and fuel prices
· Hampering global supplies and trade
· Roiling financial markets
Sports Current Affairs
1. Novak Djokovic wins the seventh Wimbledon’s men title
· Novak Djokovic wins his seventh Wimbledon men’s title and the 21st Grand Slam Crown against Nick Kyrgios.
· Djokovic sealed his win with a four-set triumph over Nick Kyrgios.
2. The Austrian Grand Prix 2022 is bagged by Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc
· Charles Leclerc of Ferrari wins the Austrian Grand Prix 2022.
· Red Bull’s Max Verstappen came in second place with Mercedes’s Lewis Hamilton in third place.
“Highly-localized rains” in Amarnath, Jammu, and Kashmir, caused flooding and led to the deaths of at least 16 people and injuries to more than 20 others.
- A cloudburst refers to an extreme amount of rain that happens in a short period, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, and this has a precise definition.
- The India Meteorological Department (IMD) defines it as unexpected precipitation exceeding 100mm (or 10 cm) per hour over a geographical region of approximately 20 to 30 square km
- They are more likely to occur in mountainous zones mainly because of terrain and elevation.
- A cloudburst occurs when moisture-carrying air moves up hilly terrain, forming a vertical column of clouds known as ‘cumulonimbus’ clouds.
- Such clouds usually cause rain, thunder, and lightning. This upward motion of the clouds is known as an ‘orographic lift’.
- These unstable clouds cause an intense rainstorm over a small area after becoming heavy enough and locked in the ridges and valleys between the hills.
- The energy necessary for the cloudburst comes from the upward motion of the air. Cloudbursts mostly occur at elevations between 1,000-2,500 meters above sea level.
Bihar’s Kesaria Buddha stupa is waterlogged
The world-famous Kesaria Buddha stupa in the East Champaran district of Bihar is waterlogged following floods in some parts of the district after heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of river Gandak in neighboring Nepal. East and West Champaran districts share their borders with Nepal in many places.
Current weather could add to virus symptoms
The lingering second COVID-19 wave and the current weather — a combination of high heat and humidity prevailing across some parts of India — have prompted doctors to caution the public to strictly follow COVID-appropriate behavior to ensure that places with common air conditioning and poor ventilation do not prove to be super spreader zones.
The effect of worsened weather on an ongoing illness contributed in terms of aggravated symptoms, said Anurag Aggarwal, associate consultant, internal medicine, QRG Health City, Faridabad, who added that there was no proven research on how the virus responded to weather conditions.
Bhagwan Mantri, consultant, pulmonology, Moolchand Hospital, noted that lower relative humidity aided airborne transmission of water droplets and aerosols.
The first edition of the State Ranking Index for National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 was released.
The index seeks to document the status and progress of the implementation of NFSA across the country and various reform initiatives after consultation with the states.
It highlights the reforms undertaken by the States and Union Territories and creates a cross-learning environment and scale-up reform measures by all the States and Union Territories.
The current index is largely focused on NFSA distribution and will include future buyouts, and PMKGAY (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana) distributions. The index for ranking States and UTs is built on three key pillars, which cover the end-to-end implementation of NFSA through the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). These pillars are-
NFSA- coverage, targeting, and provisions of the Act
Delivery platforms and Nutrition initiatives
General Category States:
Odisha is ranked first followed by Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh in second and third position.
Special Category States:
Tripura ranks top among the special category states (the North-eastern States, Himalayan States, and the Island States).
Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim are in second and third place, respectively.
Punjab, Haryana, and Delhi are among the states in the bottom five.